Art is a way of understanding and reflecting reality by creating a special product – works that can evoke an emotional response in people. Along with science, art is used by mankind for the correct perception and understanding of the world around us. The most important function of art is to satisfy two spiritual needs of a person: love for beauty and the desire to receive aesthetic pleasure.
Art also helps to form social consciousness, stimulates the emergence of new thoughts and ideas through the sensations received by a person. It can take all sorts of forms and serve a variety of purposes (from the sublime and noble to the vile and disgusting). Types and genres of art Art is a very voluminous definition, so it combines a huge number of ways to display the author’s intention. Art forms are classified according to the following parameters:
The subject of display is pictorial (for displaying reality) and non-pictorial (for embodying the inner world of a person with expressive means).
- According to the dynamics – spatial (characteristic of a particular area) and temporal (corresponding to a specific historical era).
- In terms of utility – elegant (performing a purely aesthetic function) and applied (additionally in demand in everyday life).
- According to the materials used – traditional art materials (paints, clay, granite, marble, wood, metal), modern means of processing information storage (computer graphics, digital painting), sound (musical works), word (prose, poetry, calligraphy), people performer (singer, actor, clown).
- Historically, it is also customary to divide art forms into genres (themes and objects of display) and styles (peculiarities of the use of artistic techniques in works).
The main types of fine arts include: Spatial (statistical or visual): Architecture (design and construction of buildings). Painting (mono- or polychrome image of objects and objects on a plane by artistic means).
- Graphics (the embodiment of an artistic image on a plane with lines and strokes).
- Sculpture (creation of three-dimensional works from solid materials).
- Photo art (reflection of reality or emotions of the author through photographs).
- Decorative and applied arts (manufacturing of objects that combine aesthetic and practical functions).
- Synthetic (visual-auditory):
- The circus;